Friday, 15 February 2019

Chad Akins 1/48 Hayabusa II


Question: When is an Arii (ex-Otaki) Nakajima Ki-43-II Hayabusa not an Arii (ex-Otaki) Ki-43-II Hayabusa? Answer: When Chad Akins got a hold of it and transformed it into a masterpiece. If I didn't know the origin of this model I should never have guessed it. Chad has very kindly shared photos of his inspiring build and model, describing the project in his own words:- 

"For this build I used the Otaki 1/48 Ki-43-II as reboxed by Arii. The kit interior is completely fictitious and a lot of the other detail is simplified or non existent. The overall shape is not too bad and I actually prefer it to the Hasegawa kit which due to its shape issues I have yet to bring myself to be able to build. The model represents a Ki-43-II Otsu* (see note below. Ed) from the 2nd Chutai, 63rd Sentai in Papua New Guinea 1944. The airfield this aircraft operated from is unknown but I personally suspect Wewak aerodrome.


"I scratch built the new interior of the model using various plastic card and strip, copper and lead wire and soda can aluminum. Some detail parts such as the rudder pedals, control stick, seat back and mount and hydraulic pumps on the floor were salvaged from a junked Nichimo Ki-43-I someone had given me years ago. I painted it with a custom mix to represent the IJAAF colour # 29 Ki Midori Iro. To represent it I used approximately 1:1 Model Master FS 34151 US Interior Green and Polly Scale US Interior Yellow. I also added a single drop of Polly Scale Italian Camo Brown to achieve a slight olive under tone. The landing gear wells were deepened and detailed with sheet styrene and faired in with Milliput.


"The landing gear legs were also borrowed from the Nichimo kit as they were more detailed than the Arii ones. I shortened them by about 1mm. This achieved a more realistic stance for the model to my eye. They were further detailed using bits of styrene, with lightening holes drilled in the oleo scissors to match references. Brake lines were added using lead and aluminum wire, line couplings made from tiny cylinders fabricated from stretched cotton swab tubing. The wheels were modified by chucking them in a rotary tool and carving radial tread with an X-acto blade. The hub covers were made from circles cut from styrene sheet with details scribed onto them. The leg covers were built from styrene sheet and strips using the Nichimo parts as a guide. Rivets were then added using a thumb tack.


"The kit supplied engine was detailed by adding a wiring harness from lead wire, push rods from aluminum wire and exhaust pipes made from styrene rod feeding into an exhaust collector ring sculpted from Milliput. The kit exhaust stubs were drilled out and glued to the new collector ring. The kit cowl flaps were removed and replacement ones made from soda can aluminum and detailed with styrene sheet. Actuator rods were made from aluminum wire.


"The Type 100 reflector sight was scratch built using bits of styrene, clear acetate, aluminum sheet and copper wire. If I counted correctly it is made from 23 separate pieces. The aerial wire was made from smoke colored invisible mending thread. The attachment point on the front post was made from aluminum sheet with a hole drilled through it. The attachment point on the tail is a tiny loop of aluminum wire.


"The overall finish is Alclad II Airframe Aluminum over a base of Model Master enamel gloss black. All markings were made using hand cut masks and sprayed. The red is Model Master Acryl FS 31136. The propeller and hub were painted Model Master Acryl Panzer Schokoladen Braun. This was the closest color I had to hand to represent the brown color. I was specifically trying to avoid the rust/brick red color that just doesn't look quite right to me but I see it all too often on many Japanese aircraft models. The anti glare paint on the nose was mixed from Model Master enamel Gunmetal (a very deep blue-black) and Testors enamel Gloss Dark Red 1104. It is difficult to discern but I was trying to achieve the eggplant color of the anti glare paint found on many IJA aircraft which has a subtle purple hue. The yellow on the propeller and IFF strips is Colourcoats ACJ19 ID Yellow.


"The camouflage mottles were airbrushed free hand using Colourcoats ACJ05 # 21 Midori Iro. The "crazy paving" pattern was painted over this with a fine brush using a custom mix of Colourcoats ACJ03 Nakajima Navy Green with Testors enamel Flat Sea Blue 1172 to represent # 27 Ao Midori Iro. I used a photograph found on the Aviation of Japan blog as well as the profile of this aircraft from Rising Decals as a reference. Rising shows the secondary color as a brown but also suggest it could have been dark green. It could even have been black or IJN dark green from left over stocks at the airfield when the Army took over air operations from the Navy in 1943. I only painted the fuselage with the secondary color as I had no view of the upper surfaces of this airframe to determine if the wings were treated in the same manner. This was very much a puzzle that may never be solved but I gave it my best shot!


"I tried to keep the weathering subtle. I wanted the aircraft to look like it was used in a harsh jungle climate but wanted to avoid the post war junk heap look. The whole model received washes of a mix of black/burnt umber oil paints. Paint chipping is a combination of the hair spray chipping technique and a fine sponge with Model Master enamel Chrome Silver. Exhaust stains were made with tan and grey oil paints with just a hint of black pastel chalk at the top of the stains to match reference pictures. The canopy is a replacement vacform from Rob Taurus.


"I made a simple base from a cheap $1 picture frame. The ground cover was made from Celluclay, Woodland Scenics static grass and plants from my yard preserved in a water/glycerin mixture."




And is well worth following to appeciate all the work involved in creating this superb replica. With special thanks to Chad for sharing these images and details with Aviation of Japan.

Note
* (Although the Ko, Otsu, etc., suffix designations, sometimes rendered as a, b, c, etc., in English sources, are in popular use for the Ki-43-II series they are more a retrospective convenience. These suffix were usually used by the IJAAF to denote armament variations which do not apply to the Ki-43-II as it carried an identical armament of 2 x Ho-103 12.7mm machine-cannon throughout its service. The detail differences in the II series were production changes to the airframe and engine and in Japanese references these sub-types are often divided by features into early, mid and late production types with the II Kai as a final type, all using the word ki (期) which means period but is sometimes given as 'production' in English. Thus:- 

初期 - (hatsu ki) = first period (Ki-43-II with annular oil cooler and long Ki-43-I wingspan)
中期 - (naka ki) = middle period (Ki-43-II with enlarged under cowling cooler and shortened wingspan)
後期 - (nachi ki) = later period (Ki-43-II with rearwards thrust exhaust stacks and landing light in port wing leading edge)
末期 - (matsu ki) = end or final period (this is the Nakajima-built Ki-43-II Kai with individual exhaust stacks)

Only the main features of each sub-type are remarked on above but not all the additional detail changes. There are four distinctively identifiable versions of Ki-43-II prior to II Kai with one researcher recording designations of Ki-43-IIa early and late, Ki-43-IIb early and late. This divides the mid-production type into IIa late and IIb early. The official Koku Hombu table of aircraft designations and armament makes no such distinctions, just referring to Type I Fighter Model II and listing differences simply as production changes, but unfortunately does not date them all precisely or provide the serial numbers for first change. Ed). 

Image credit: All photographs © 2019 Chad Akins
 

Wednesday, 13 February 2019

Dead Design Models 1/72 Goodies

Dead Design Models has also released no less than 20 sets of masks for 1/72 canopies, including for some 'only game in town' classics, with more on the way.


VM72003 E14Y 'Glen' Canopy Mask


A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for the 1/72 scale Fujimi Yokosuka E14Y 'Glen' kits to mask off all canopy and lower fuselage glazing.


 This set costs 160 Kč (€6.15 or approx. £5.44 and US$7.00)


VM72020 A5M Claude Family Canopy Mask


A set of canopy masks (as shown above) designed for all 1/72 scale Fujimi A5M Claude kits to mask off all three variants of windscreens and all wheel disks.


 This set also costs 160 Kč.


 VM72021 B7A Ruisei Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks designed for the 1/72 scale Fujimi B7A Ruisei kits to mask off all canopy glazing, floor window and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 150 Kč (€5.76 or approx. £5.09 and US$6.57)


 VM72030 R2Y Keiun Canopy Mask


A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for the 1/72 scale Fine Molds R2Y Keiun kits includes to mask off all canopy glazing, side windows and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 140 Kč (€5.38 or approx. £4.75 and US$6.13)


 VM72031 Ki-102 Ko/Otsu 'Randy' Canopy Mask


A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for both 1/72 scale Sword Ki-102 Ko and Otsu 'Randy' kits to mask off all canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 160 Kč.


VM72032 Ki-44 I/II Shoki Canopy Mask


A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for all 1/72 scale Sword Ki-44 Shoki kits to mask off the canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 100 Kč (€3.84 or approx. £3.40 and US$4.38)


VM72033 B7A2 Ruisei Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for the 1/72 scale Sword B7A2 Ruisei kit to mask off canopy glazing, floor window and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 150 K.


VM72034 J2M3 Raiden Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for the 1/72 scale Sword J2M3 Raiden kit to mask off canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 130 Kč (€4.99 or approx. £4.41 and US$5.69)


VM72035 D4Y1/2/3/4/2-S Suisei Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for all 1/72 scale Fujimi Suisei versions including all three windscreen variants provided in the kits, to mask off all canopy glazing, floor window and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 160 Kč.


VM72036 A6M2/3 Reisen/ Zero Canopy Mask


A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for all 1/72 scale Hasegawa A6M2/3 Reisen variants 11, 21, 22 & 32 to mask off canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 130 Kč.


VM72037 A6M2-N/5 Reisen/ Zero Canopy Mask



A ser of canopy masks (shown above) designed for all 1/72 scale Hasegawa A6M5 Reisen variants & A6M2-N Rufe kits to mask off canopy glazing and all wheel disks. This set costs 130 Kč.


VM72040 A6M2/3 Reisen/ Zero Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for all 1/72 scale Tamiya A6M2/3 Reisen versions 21, 22 & 32 to mask off canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 130 Kč.


VM72041 A6M5 Reisen/ Zero Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for the 1/72 scale Tamiya A6M5 Reisen to mask off canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 130 Kč.


VM72043 J2M3 Raiden Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks designed for the 1/72 scale Hasegawa J2M3 Raiden kit to mask off canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 130 Kč.


VM72044 Ki-27 Nate Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for 1/72 scale Hasegawa (ex-Mania) Ki-27 Nate kits to mask off both types of canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 None of the available kits depict the so-called Ko-type rear canopy correctly, being angular in section rather than rounded. This is difficult to correct so hopefully an accurate vacform replacement will be forthcoming. This set costs 130 Kč.


VM72045 Ki-15 Babs Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for the 1/72 scale Hasegawa (ex-Mania) Ki-15 Babs kits to mask off canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 150 Kč.


VM72046 Ki-46 III Dinah Canopy Mask


A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for the 1/72 scale LS/ARII Ki-46 III 'Dinah' kit to mask off canopy glazing, side and floor windows, nose light lens and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 150 Kč.


VM72048 Ki-44 I/II Shoki Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for all 1/72 scale Hasegawa Ki-44 Shoki kits to mask off both types of canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 100 Kč.


VM72052 Ki-84 Hayate Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for all 1/72 scale Hasegawa Ki-84 Hayate kits to mask off canopy glazing and all wheel disks.


 This set costs 100 Kč.


VM72057 E13A Jake Canopy Mask



A set of canopy masks (shown above) designed for the 1/72 scale Hasegawa Aichi E13A 'Jake' kits to mask off the canopy and lower fuselage glazing. This set costs 150 Kč. Currently the only game in town in this scale the Hasegawa kit suffers from a too tall canopy and shortened rear fuselage, the two discrepancies combining to flaw the overall appearance. The various Hasegawa Jake releases were featured at the blog here but Part 3, intended to focus on the details of the actual kit in relation to the real aircraft as well as its colours, has not yet been published.  




With thanks to Jan Hajicek for kindly alerting Aviation of Japan to these welcome new products. There are many more in the pipeline available for pre-order at the Dead Design Models website shop.  

Image credit: All photos © 2019 Dead Design Models

Monday, 11 February 2019

Dead Design Models 1/48 Goodies

A plethora of new releases and announced items from Dead Design Models to perk up some new and old kits, kicking off in 1/48 scale. 


CM48001 Mitsubishi C5M2 Vacu Canopy & Mask for 1/48 Fine Molds kit


As shown above a vacuum formed canopy designed for open display, including spray masks, to show the cockpit detail in the 1/48 scale Fine Molds kit FB24. The canopy is split into sections - wind shield, sliding pilot's hood, centre section, observer's sideways opening hood and rear fairing for easier removal from the riser. The set also contains a separate upper rear window under which the flexible machine gun was stowed, plus complete spray masks for the canopy, both types of side window, ventral window, landing light glazing and main wheel discs. This set costs 250 Kč (€9.21 or approx. £8.48 and US$11)


 VM48037 Mitsubishi C5M2 Canopy Mask for 1/48 Fine Molds

A set of masks (shown above) designed for the 1/48 scale Mitsubishi C5M2 Babs (FB24) produced by Fine Molds to mask off the canopy glazing, side and floor windows, landing light cover and all wheel disks. This set costs 170 Kč (€6.53 or approx. £5.77 and US$7.50).


VM48039 Mitsubishi J8M Shusui Canopy Mask

A set of masks (shown above) designed for the 1/48 scale Fine Molds Mitsubishi J8M Shusui kits to mask off the canopy glazing and all wheel hubs. This set costs 130 Kč (€4.99 or approx. £4.41 and US$5.68).


VM48040 Nakajima Shisei Kikka Canopy Mask

A set of masks (shown above) designed for the 1/48 scale Fine Molds Nakajima Shisei Kikka kits to mask off the canopy glazing and all wheel hubs. This set also costs 130 Kč.


VM48041 Mitsubishi Ki-15 "Kamikaze" Canopy Mask

A set of masks (shown above) designed for the recent 1/48 scale Mitsubishi Karrigane Aircraft (Ki-15 "Kamikaze") (FB26) produced by Fine Molds to mask off the canopy glazing, all types of side windows and floor window, landing light cover and all wheel disks. This set costs 170 Kč.


VM48042 Mitsubishi Ki-15 I/II Babs Canopy Mask

A set of masks (shown above) designed for the recent 1/48 scale Mitsubishi Ki-15 I/II Babs (FB23 & FB25) produced by Fine Molds include to mask off the canopy glazing, all types of side windows and floor window, landing light cover and all wheel disks. This set costs 170 Kč.


VM48019 Yokosuka D4Y2-S / 3 Judy Night Fighter Canopy Mask

A set of masks (shown above) designed for the 1/48 scale Fine Molds Yokosuka D4Y2-S/3 Suisei /Judy Night Fighter kits to mask off the canopy glazing, lower fuselage glazing and all wheel hubs. This set also has masks for the Night Fighter variant's different windscreen. This set costs 170 Kč.

Image credit: All © 2019 Dead Design Models

Sunday, 3 February 2019

Photographic Deception and a Sparkling Trio


A couple of random posts here - one slightly off-topic but pertinent and another off-topic but perhaps worth sharing. 

The two images above are of the same re-built Spad VII and featured in the August 1957 issue of the British magazine Air Pictorial with the following caption:-

"A good illustration of the effect of film types and filters on colour rendition in black and white photography is given by the two views of a rebuilt Spad 7. The upper photograph is on orthochromatic film with no filter, the lower photograph on panchromatic film with a red filter. Notice especially the reversal of tonal values of the fin stripes; the foremost colour is in faint red."

There are pundits on forums who will wax lyrical about being able to identify the film and filters used in order to determine the original colours but the reality appears much less predictable. Of note is the way the tonal contrast shifts and renders the lightest of the camouflage colours very much lighter - pertinent to those long (winded) discussions about Vildebeest colours. And whilst the known colours of insignia are sometimes a guide, in the case of WWI US colours the blue of the roundels is the subject of much disagreement. Note how the outer ring of the roundel on the port upper wing in the top photo almost disappears against the camouflage. 

Another factor, not mentioned in the original feature, is that both photographs are taken under different illuminants. The top appears to have been taken in dull overcast, perhaps after rain, whilst the bottom has strong shadows suggesting sunlight. That will affect the reflected light from the surfaces of the aircraft too. This is nothing new - film, filter and illuminant - but it is surprising how often it seems to be disregarded in the passionate interpretation of colours from greyscale.


Secondly, there is a brief and extraordinary sequence from the 1939 Laurel and Hardy film 'The Flying Deuces' where a vic of three RAF Gloster Gauntlets are seen performing an aerobatic climbing roll in very tight formation. A search for the rest of that film sequence (taken at Hendon?) has proven negative - how it ended up in a Hollywood comedy movie is anyone's guess! But it is magnificent to watch. You can see it here from 38:24:-  


The rest of the film is hilarious and a masterpiece of comic timing. Any pointers as to the location, date and squadron/team identity of the flying sequence or whether a longer version exists anywhere will be welcome, thanks. 

Image credits: Spad VII photos © 1957 Air League of the British Empire via Air Pictorial; The Flying Deuces, RKO Radio Pictures now public domain, via You Tube