Tuesday 1 February 2022

Year of the Tiger - Rob Ronconi's Republic of China Air Force

The Year of the Ox has finally trundled off and the Year of the Tiger begins (fingers crossed). To welcome the Chinese New Year some very fine 1/72 scale aircraft models in Republic of China Air Force livery expertly built, photographed and very kindly shared here by Rob Ronconi.  

P-40E-1 '106' was one of several reinforcement aircraft for the American Volunteer Group (AVG) 'Flying Tigers' arriving in China after delivery flights from Accra, West Africa, in late March 1942. US serial numbers on fins were omitted/obscured before delivery with no trace, whilst US fuselage stars were overpainted with dark green paint after arrival and the RoCAF 'sun' roundels applied as decals on the wings. Disney 'Flying Tiger' decals were also applied. 

The I-15 bis was made from the ICM kit. This Polikarpov biplane fighter, designated E-15 in Chinese service and identified as such in Japanese combat reports, was flown by Russian volunteers and Chinese fighter groups from 1938 to 1941, a total of 289 being imported.

The Northrop 2E Gamma was made from an Azur kit but Rob reports that it was very tricky and he faced difficulty with the centerline bomb rack apparatus as they were tiny fiddly parts, but somehow managed to fit them all in. Rob used Albion Alloys brass for the scratch-built pitot tube. The rest of the build was pretty straightforward, although he had issues with the decals breaking up on the rudder in particular requiring a little patch and paste surgery. Rob now wishes that he had opened up the canopy to include a rear gun as that would have been a little more interesting and possibly attaching actual underside bombs. The real issue during the build was that he did not have any photos or references about how to put it all together - for example the somewhat strange ventral gun position ended up being guesswork.

The Gammas were delivered between February and September 1934, two 2E, seven 2EC and 15 2ED for a total of 24 with another 25 2E subassemblies and components ordered in September and delivered during 1935 to the Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company (CAMCO) at Shien Chao. The Gammas were natural metal overall and instruction was provided by American flight instructors like Reed Knight. In service they were field camouflaged dark green. At the outbreak of hostilities with Japan in 1937 the Gammas were operated by the 9th, 11th, 14th and HQ squadrons of the 2nd Air Group, with nine of the type in each squadron, and participated in bombing operations against Japanese forces in and around Shanghai, including the accidental and disastrous bombing of Chinese crowds in Nanjing Street on 14 August 1937 when the veteran IJN cruiser Izumo was being targeted. 150 civilians were killed and hundreds injured. The relationship, if any between the 2nd Air Group's 14th Squadron and the later 14th Volunteer Bombardment Squadron (or 14th International Volunteer Squadron) is obscure. The latter was equipped with Vultee V-11 bombers flown by foreign volunteers, including pilots from France and the USA, during 1938. 

Rob's splendid B-10 was made from the venerable Williams Brothers kit. Rob recalls that the company was always a little mysterious and their kits difficult to find. He remembers once driving by chance through their small Southern California town of San Marcos where they were producing their kits at the time and hoping to find some secret factory store - but he never did find a trace. Nevertheless he feels that they should be credited with producing some really great models of some very esoteric aircraft. 

He found the Williams B-10 difficult to put together ,the main hindrances being the clear canopies which he ended up making vac-u-form copies. He scratch-built some accessories, using old AeroClub metal Browning machine guns, Tom’s Model Works photoetch parts for the gun mountings, and a bullet belt. Little details like that made it more modern looking and in the end he felt as though it still holds up well next to the more modern Special Hobby kit which he reports is easier to build. Two of the Martin bombers flew an audacious nocturnal mission over Japan in May 1938, dropping propaganda leaflets over cities on Kyushu. The mission, which required special navigation measures incorporating air and ground radio equipment, was led by Capt Hsu Huang-sheng with Lt Tung Yen-po flying the second bomber, taking off at 1523 hrs on 19 May 1938 from Hankow, via Nanchang and Chuchow, to the advanced Lo-she airfield at Ningpo. The bombers then sortied from Lo-she at 2348 hrs, reaching the Japanese coast at 0240 hrs and flying across Nagasaki at 11,500 ft. A flare was dropped and leaflets scattered whereupon the city blacked out, but there was no anti-aircraft fire. The bombers continued on to Fukuoka and over other cities, dropping flares and leaflets, before turning for home just after 0400 hrs. The two Martins were fired on by Japanese ships off the Chinese coast but landed safely at Yushan and Nanchang at 0848 hrs and 0924 hrs respectively.  

Last but by no means least the captured Nakajima Ki-43-I 'Oscar' in RoCAF insignia was built from the Fujimi kit with BestFong decals applied. With very special thanks to Rob for sharing these images and details.

Image credits: All model photographs © 2022 Rob Ronconi; Republic of China flag via net.



Michael Thurow said...

Wonderful models - all of them, and quite unusual! I like the Martin B-10 the most. An absolute gem with great detail, built from a very basic vintage kit. That's a fine collection!

Alex said...

Very fine collection of the chinese planes. The rare theme and the beatiful models. Martin 139 is just splendid. Thanks for sharing.

Dan Salamone said...

Love this, I need some Chinese models in my built collection and this helps inspire me. Happy New Year!


Mark Smith said...

I really like the variety of finishes and weathering between these models, each of which appears superbly done. Congratulations, Rob. We all have our methods, but for myself, I'm too reliant on the same one. Not many can pull off such a variety of effective styles. Interesting also to see the two shots of the RoCAF Hayabusa revealing the importance of light to color.

Thanks for showing these to us scattered around the world, Nick.

Fred Boucher said...

Mr. Ronconi, thank you, superb models or one of my favorite subjects. Esp. the B-10. You have inspired me away from the Java Martins for a RoCAF model.

Great work, Fred

WD said...

Superb work, and a wonderful collection!
Glad to see you're back Nick, I was starting to get worried by your absence sir.


Jason Brash said...

Beautiful work, the B-10 being my favourite of the bunch.

Glad to see a new post Nick, welcome back

Kevin Bade said...

Fantastic array of Chinese air force warbirds Rob. I am a big fan of China's diverse and intriguing air force. So many unique types saw service it makes for an interesting motley collection. As usual your work is stunning. You definitely have quite the tool bag of skills for realistic worn finishes. I dub thee "chutaicho of weathering". Great, great stuff. Nice to have you and the blog back Nick. This post of Mr. Ronconis builds is an instant classic.

Unknown said...

Thank you
Lovely models, please could you let us know what paints were used for the various shades of green?
Best wishes

Steve Nelson said...

Nice work..especially the B-10! I've seen the sole surviving example at the USAF Museum many times, and it's one of my favorite aircraft in the collection. I've attempted the Williams Brothers kit a couple of times over the years, and never got very far. The first time I ever ran across it was in the gift shop at the National Air and Space Museum on my senior trip in 1982. I quickly found it to be beyond my abilities at the time, although the unfinished kit is still lurking on the Shelf of Doom somewhere. I'm looking forward to getting ahold of the new Azur kit.


Unknown said...

All beautiful models. If Mr. Ronconi ever builds a RoCAF I-16, I hope he will share photos of it! I wonder which kit of the P-40E this is--it looks to be better than some 1/48 scale kits in outline accuracy.

Baronvonrob said...

A very humble thanks to all for the encouraging comments.

As for the paint colors, some are straight Tamiya or Gunze Olive Drab and other aircraft have different mixes in an attempt to find the mythic ROCAF "blue/green" color. Usually starting with IJA green and adding some blue.... Yep, adding IJA paint to Chinese a/c means I'm going straight Hades :))

Ken Glass said...

Great work, Rob. I like your Northrop. Seeing yours prompted me to purchase one.